Opinion

Stubborn children grow up to be richer, study reveals

Synopsis: 
Rule-breaking and general defiance of parents are two of the best predictors of earning a high income as an adult, according to a paper published in the journal Developmental Psychology.

Children between the ages of eight and 12 assessed for personality traits like entitlement, defiance, and academic conscientiousness, were tracked down 40 years later. It was found the stubborn ones became the educational over-achievers and high-earners.

Source: Developmental Psychology reported in the Evening Standard